Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

Free Consultation

What is ICSI?

Turning Hope into Heartbeats

ICSI, which stands for Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection, is a highly specialized fertility treatment designed to give every aspiring parent, regardless of their background or partnership, a better chance at conceiving. This procedure is often a part of the IVF process and is especially helpful in cases of male factor infertility or when previous IVF attempts have been unsuccessful. During ICSI, a single sperm cell is meticulously injected directly into an egg. This precision bypasses any barriers that might prevent the sperm from entering the egg on its own. Once fertilization occurs, the embryo is carefully transferred to the uterus. ICSI opens doors to parenthood, whether you're in a heterosexual relationship, a same-sex couple, or using donor sperm, by overcoming specific fertilization challenges.


Key factors

ICSI is a breakthrough fertility treatment that precisely injects a single sperm into an egg, offering hope to individuals and couples facing fertilization challenges. It's especially empowering for addressing male factor infertility by effectively utilizing even a low sperm count or less mobile sperm. Additionally, by significantly enhancing IVF success rates, ICSI assures your emotional and financial investment in family-building is optimized. With ICSI, diverse family dreams—whether you’re part of a heterosexual couple, a same-sex couple, or an individual from the LGBTQIA+ community—find a nurturing space to flourish.

Precision Targeting

ICSI stands out due to its microscopic precision in targeting eggs. For those who have struggled with fertilization challenges, this process is a beacon of hope. The technique involves injecting a single sperm cell directly into the egg, overcoming any natural barriers that might prevent fertilization. Whether you're using your own gametes or opting for donor sperm or eggs, this exacting method increases the chances of fertilization, making the dream of growing a family more accessible for individuals and couples across the spectrum.

Tackling Male Factor Infertility

Male factor infertility can often be a significant roadblock on the path to parenthood. With ICSI, the game changes. By using just one sperm cell per egg, the technique is incredibly effective for situations where sperm count is low, mobility is impaired, or the morphology is unusual. Moreover, ICSI can also use sperm retrieved directly from the testes when necessary. This feature of ICSI empowers not just heterosexual couples facing male factor infertility but also provides options for same-sex couples and individuals in the LGBTQIA+ community who wish to have biological children using donor eggs.

Enhancing IVF Success Rates

One of the remarkable aspects of ICSI is its ability to boost the success rates of IVF treatments. For many, IVF is an emotional and financial investment, and optimizing the chances of success is crucial. By ensuring that sperm effectively fertilizes the egg, ICSI adds an extra layer of assurance to the IVF process. This is particularly invaluable for those who have experienced previous IVF failures or have a limited number of eggs available. Including ICSI in your fertility journey opens doors to diverse family-building options, ensuring that every hope is honored and every love is celebrated.


What is ICSI and how does it differ from traditional IVF?

ICSI, or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection, is a specialized form of IVF where a single sperm is injected directly into an egg to facilitate fertilization. Traditional IVF involves mixing multiple sperm cells with an egg in a dish and allowing fertilization to occur naturally. ICSI, on the other hand, ensures fertilization by directly combining the sperm and egg.

In traditional IVF, the sperm needs to penetrate the egg on its own, which can be a barrier for those with certain types of infertility. ICSI is particularly beneficial for individuals and couples facing male factor infertility, or where there is a need to ensure fertilization using a very specific sperm or egg, as is often the case for same-sex couples or individuals from the LGBTQIA+ community using donor gametes.

Is ICSI only for male factor infertility?

While ICSI is known for effectively addressing male factor infertility, it’s not exclusively for this issue. It is also used in cases where couples have had previous failed IVF attempts or where the quantity or quality of eggs is limited.

Furthermore, ICSI is also an option for same-sex couples or single individuals who are using donor sperm or eggs to conceive. It's an inclusive procedure that caters to diverse family-building aspirations, providing additional support and options in the journey to parenthood.

How successful is ICSI compared to conventional IVF?

ICSI often has higher success rates compared to conventional IVF, especially in cases of male factor infertility or when there are challenges with the egg’s ability to be fertilized. By ensuring that the sperm successfully enters the egg, ICSI can bypass issues that would otherwise prevent fertilization.

However, it’s important to recognize that success rates can also be influenced by various factors such as age, egg quality, and underlying health conditions. It’s advisable to have a detailed discussion with your fertility specialist to understand how ICSI can be tailored to your specific circumstances, whether you’re part of a heterosexual couple, a same-sex couple, or an individual from the LGBTQIA+ community.

Are there any risks or downsides to using ICSI?

ICSI is a highly specialized procedure and, like any medical intervention, carries some risks. There is a slight increase in the risk of birth defects with ICSI compared to natural conception, though this risk is still relatively low. Additionally, the process of egg retrieval required for ICSI can be invasive and has its own associated risks.

It's essential to weigh the potential benefits and risks of ICSI in the context of your unique fertility journey. Engaging in open communication with your healthcare provider can help you make informed decisions that align with your family-building goals and values.

Can ICSI be used with donor eggs or sperm?

Absolutely, ICSI can be used effectively with both donor eggs and sperm. For individuals or couples who are unable to use their own eggs or sperm, utilizing ICSI with donor gametes can be a powerful way to build a family. This is particularly relevant for same-sex couples or individuals within the LGBTQIA+ community who might be using donor services to conceive.

Using ICSI with donor gametes can provide an added assurance of fertilization, ensuring that the process accounts for the precious nature of donor eggs and sperm and optimizing the chances of creating a viable embryo for implantation.

Empower Your Fertility Journey with Ovom Care.
Your Guide to IVF

Step 1: Consultation

Understanding Your Options

Your fertility journey begins with a comprehensive consultation with a fertility specialist. During this appointment, you will discuss your medical history, family-building goals, and the various fertility treatment options available. The specialist will help you understand how ICSI fits into the broader spectrum of fertility treatments, and whether it's the right option for you.

Inclusive Guidance

This consultation is a judgment-free zone where individuals and couples of all backgrounds, including the LGBTQIA+ community, are welcome. Your fertility specialist will provide tailored advice and guidance that respects and acknowledges your unique path to parenthood, ensuring that you feel supported and informed as you consider ICSI as a possible treatment.

Step 2: Evaluation

Assessing Fertility

Before embarking on the ICSI journey, it's essential to evaluate both partners’ fertility (if applicable). This involves various tests including semen analysis, hormone testing, and evaluating the uterus and ovaries. These assessments help the fertility specialist to tailor the ICSI process to your specific needs.

Personalized Approach

Based on the evaluation results, a personalized treatment plan is created, taking into account any specific considerations or preferences you may have. For same-sex couples and individuals within the LGBTQIA+ community, additional coordination with donor services or surrogacy arrangements may be part of this phase.

Step 3: Stimulation

Boosting Egg Production

During the stimulation phase, the individual providing eggs will take medications to encourage the ovaries to produce multiple eggs. This is important for maximizing the chances of successful fertilization through ICSI.

Monitoring Progress

Regular monitoring through blood tests and ultrasounds is conducted to track the development of the eggs. This close monitoring ensures that the egg retrieval is timed perfectly, optimizing the chances of retrieving mature eggs that are ready for fertilization.

Step 4: Retrieval

Collecting Eggs

Once the eggs are mature, they are retrieved through a minor surgical procedure. This is done with care and precision to ensure the best quality eggs are collected for the ICSI procedure.

Sperm Collection

On the same day, sperm is collected from either the partner or a donor. If you're using frozen sperm, it will be thawed. In cases where there are challenges with sperm collection, additional techniques may be used to retrieve the sperm.

Step 5: Fertilization

The ICSI Procedure

During the ICSI procedure, a single sperm is injected directly into each egg. This precision technique increases the likelihood of successful fertilization. After ICSI, the fertilized eggs are cultured in the laboratory for a few days.

Inclusive Family Building

Whether you’re a heterosexual couple, same-sex couple, or an individual from the LGBTQIA+ community, the fertilization process is a monumental step in your journey. It represents the creation of potential life and the realization of your family-building dreams.

Step 6: Transfer

Embryo Transfer

After the fertilized eggs have developed into embryos, one or more embryos are selected for transfer to the uterus. This is a crucial step where your fertility specialist will guide you on the number of embryos to transfer.

Looking Ahead

After the transfer, a period of waiting begins before you can take a pregnancy test. During this time, it’s important to take care of yourself and maintain a positive outlook. Whatever the outcome, remember that this journey is unique, and there are various paths to building a family. Your fertility specialist and care team are there to support you every step of the way.

Start your journey today

Book your consultation